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Indian Officials Harassing South Asia Tribune New Delhi Correspondent
July 29, 2008, 10:00 am
Filed under: SubContinent

Indian Officials Harassing South Asia Tribune New Delhi Correspondent

WASHINGTON, July 27: Indian intelligence agencies are harassing Arun Rajnath , the Special Correspondent of South Asia Tribune in New Delhi after failing to persuade him to stop writing what these agencies describe as stories against the national security of India.Rajnath, who has been reporting for the SAT for almost two years has also been refused accreditation by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs because MEA officials say he writes against their advice and against the national interest.

The harassment of Rajnath in New Delhi comes shortly after Pakistan Government had placed the South Asia Tribune Editor, Shaheen Sehbai, on the infamous Exit Control List which prohibits Pakistani citizens to leave the country. Sehbai is in Washington but if he enters Pakistan, he will not be allowed to leave the country. Arun Rajnath reported the harassment he was facing to the Editor of his newspaper in Washington after intimidating telephone calls from intelligence operatives became so frequent they became a nuisance.

SAT Editor Shaheen Sehbai strongly condemned the harassment and in a statement said it was even more deplorable as India claimed to be a democratic country where the Press was supposed to be totally free.Sehbai urged all the international media watchdog organizations to take immediate note of the harassment of Rajnath as well as denial of accreditation because it exposed the real situation in which no journalist could report objectively without facing the wrath of the Indian Establishment.

Arun Rajnath has been receiving crank calls and threatening E-mails by a person who calls himself Asif Nadeem. This person claims to be from a security agency. When Rajnath refused to concede his demands to propagate Government’s views in the South Asia Tribune, he was threatened to face the consequences.
On the other hand, the Publicity Division of the Ministry of External Affairs has directed the Press Information Bureau not to issue a Press-accreditation to Arun Rajnath, as it was not in the national interest of India.

According to Rajnath, the person who identifies himself as Asif Nadeem first called him up on his home telephone number on the morning of June 21, 2005, and claimed to be speaking from the Media Cell of the Home Ministry. Nadeem said that he wanted to see Rajnath.Arun invited him to a crowded Coffee Shop in Cannaught Place, the heart of Delhi. Asif Nadeem came wearing the dark blue shirt and off-white pants which he had said he would be wearing for identification.

Nadeem first tried to bribe Rajnath and offered to pay Rs10,000 per month for writing one story per month against Pakistan or Bangladesh or Nepal or Hurriyat Conference or Naxalites or any one else suggested by the security agencies.Nadeem claimed that many top journalists covering External, Home and Defense Ministries were on the payroll of security agencies or the concerned ministries and they received handsome compensation packages which Arun could also get after proving his worth.

He also promised that he would help Rajnath in getting clearances for his press accreditation card and would get his name included in the list of journalists who always accompany the Prime Minister and Foreign Minister on their international tours.Nadeem asked Arun not to write ‘damaging stories’ on the Defense sector and Kashmir that ‘tarnish’ the image of India at international forums. He had a complete list with him on Arun’s defense stories that he claimed were ‘objectionable’ and ‘anti-national’ from the administration’s point of view.

Asif had grievous objections particularly to the following three stories:

1. “India Sending Thousands of Commandos to Kashmir in Changed Strategy” published on November 18, 2004,

2. “Indian Army Faces Embarrassment After Fake Militants Surrender Scam”, published on December 05, 2004, and

3. “The Blatant Kashmir Discrimination Against Militants’ Widows”, published on January 02, 2005.

He told Rajnath: “Though these stories may be true, when they are published in the international media, they cause ripples and tarnish the image of India. Such is the impact of the international media, particularly web newspapers. You should be cautious in your approach. We will pay you for your assistance. We can also pay you for not writing such stories if you do not agree to propagate our viewpoint. Why don’t you write only political stories?”

Arun Rajnath firmly but politely declined all the offers and urged Nadeem not to contact him again as he was not interested in his proposals. Nadeem was quiet for a time but the situation took an ugly turn when the following two stories were published in the SAT:

1. “Tamil Tigers Training Nepalese Rebels: An Interview Revealing All”, published on July 8, 2005, and

2. “Maoist Working Hard to Carve Out Their Own Country”, published on July 24, 2005.

Nadeem started calling Rajnath desperately and repeatedly asked him to disclose the source of his story about the Maoists. He also threatened him to either work for the security agencies, like other journalists and pass on the information to the agencies, or be ready to face the consequences.

These phone calls were made from the numbers 9868303885, 9891367900 and 26687984. In one such conversation Nadeem said: “Mr. Arun you would have been arrested by now had the POTA not been abolished. But it does not mean that you are free to write anti-national stories in a Pakistani newspaper.”

It is noteworthy that the Vajpayee government had imposed the infamous Prevention of Terrorism Act (POTA) in which there has been a provision that the journalists could be detained if they had any prior information of any act of terrorism or terrorist organizations. Journalists had to intimate the security agencies about their sources. But due to the pressure from the Left parties, the act has been abolished.

While the intelligence agencies are harassing Rajnath, his application for Press accreditation has been pending for months as the Foreign Ministry officials think Rajnath had exposed the Indian policy on Nepal for what it was worth.
The officials of the Foreign Ministry have declared him “dangerous for national security” and “he must not get the press accreditation as he would get access to all ministries including Defense, Foreign and Home, Prime Minister’s Office and other sensitive departments.”

The Police Verification conducted by the Press Information Bureau following Rajnath’s application for a Press card has been clean and the file of accreditation has been sent to the Press Relations, Publicity Division, Ministry of External Affairs for its comments and recommendations because Arun Rajnath works for a foreign newspaper.

Despite fulfilling all conditions and a positive report from the local police, Arun’s file was not put up before the Accreditation Committee in June, because the MEA had not returned the file by then. In February this year the Foreign Ministry had issued a special statement against Rajnath in a bid to discredit him and his reports. Click to View MEA Statement

After darting off many letters and reminders to the Principal Information Officer, Press Information Bureau (PIB), Arun received a letter from Anupma V. Chandra, Information Officer (Press Facility) dated July 18, 2005 (No. F. 1/7208-PRS) in which she admitted: “Your case is pending for want of comments/recommendations from Ministry of External Affairs on the status of South Asia Tribune, USA. Min. of External Affairs was requested for comments vide this Bureau’s letter dated 14.3.2005 and a reminder dated 11.5.2005. Another reminder is also being sent.”

The PIB sent the letter to Ishwar Prasad Teki, Publicity Officer, Press Relations, Ministry of External Affairs for comments. This department comes under direct control of the Joint Secretary, External Publicity Division, MEA. Navtej Sarna is the boss who happens to be the Joint Secretary and Official Spokesperson, as well.

As a matter of fact, the Publicity Division has directed Ishwar Prasad Teki not to clear the file. At present the MEA is not getting any concrete ground to reject the file, therefore the officials are holding it without taking any decision. They want to delay the process as the Accreditation Committee of the PIB meets only twice in the year to consider the cases of accreditation. It had already met in the month of June, and it would now meet in December.

According to the sources of the PIB and Foreign Ministry, the Publicity Division (MEA) and Home Ministry have already sounded the authorities of the PIB not to give accreditation to Arun Rajnath because “he works for a Pakistani newspaper, and his write-ups are irresponsible and not in the line of national interest.”“He could be dangerous to the national security if he gets accreditation as then he would be entitled to visit all ministries, government offices, sensitive places, Prime Minister’s Office, President House, etc.”

Rajnath’s battle to receive fair treatment continues.

http://www.satribune.com/archives/200507/P1_harass.htm

Posted by Isha Khan,  bdmailer@gmail.com

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China and India in the perspective of Sun Tzu and Kautilya’s thought
July 29, 2008, 9:55 am
Filed under: India
China and India in the perspective of Sun Tzu and Kautilya’s thought

Akash Reza

1.Over the last few months, herein ‘News from Bangladesh’, there were many views highlighting Indian attitude and character. Many of the Indians were found responding some of those (thanks to them and NFB for providing them the opportunity). Unfortunately, instead of self-realization or fact finding, most of them came up with the tone of intimidation and abuse as usual. Some of them felt disturbed in anti-Indian attitude and irritated in friendship of Bangladesh with China. In this pretext, I want to make a comparison of Chinese and Indian character in the perspective of two of their respective strategic thinkers, of whom both the countries are equally proud of ­ China’s Sun Tzu and India’s Kautilya.

2.“Your neighbour is your natural enemy and the neighbour’s neighbour is your friend”; Kautilya said, I quote. For those who are coming across this name for the first time: Kautilya, also known as Chanakya, was born in 4th century BC in eastern India. He served as adviser to King Chandragupta of Mauriyan Emperor. With the application of his very crook and immoral means, Kautilya helped the small Mauryan kingdom to become one of the greatest empire of ancient India, which included today’s India, Pakistan and Afghanistan.

3.Kautilya’s famous work is known as ‘Arthasastra’.The book is similar to ‘The Art of War’ by Sun Tzu. But it is not limited to warfare only; rather it focuses on various aspects of statecraft ­ that is tax, administration, justice, war, etc. It deals with the ‘theory of Mandala’ in interstate relations (which is also considered one of the roots of Indian strategic thoughts). The ‘mandala’ is based on the geographical assumption that the immediate neighbour state is most likely to be an enemy (real or potential) and a state next to the immediate neighbour is likely to be ones friend, after a friendly state comes an unfriendly state (friend of the enemy state) and next to that a friendly state (friend of a friendly state) and so on. However he also recognized the existence of neutral and mediating states.

4.In a system of mandala, Kautilya advocated six-fold policy to interact with the neighbours which included co-existence, neutrality, alliance, double policy, march and war. To achieve this he advised the king to resort to five tactics: conciliation, gift and bribery, dissention, deceit and pretence, open attack or war. As such on the question of treaty and alliance he suggests: “A King should not hesitate to break any friendship or alliances that are later found to be disadvantageous.”

5.Today, strategy is no longer concept of warfare only, but an inherent element of statecraft. As such although Kautilya had shown more interest towards statecraft he becomes more relevant in today’s context. As such, when Sun Tzu says, “supreme excellence consists in breaking the enemies resistance without fighting”; Kautilya goes one step ahead by saying, “the arrow shot by an archer may or may not kill a single person; but skilful intrigue, devised by wise men, may kill even those who are in the womb”. In my opinion, present day’s ‘economic sanction’ is one of the means in line with this thinking. Thousands could be killed without firing a single shot.

6.Kautilya was not a war monger rather he was a calculative and cautious statesman, as he says, “if the end could be achieved by non-military method, even by methods of intrigue, duplicity and fraud, he would not advocate an armed conflict”. Kautilya stated very frankly that the only way a king can survive in the world is the rule of the fish, the big one eating up the smaller; only an empire of considerable size and power and free from all internal instability could deter big fishes or alien invasions.

7.Sun Tzu and Kautilya have similarities, both were cautious, calculative and preached to view the enemy as superior in all conditions and preferred an indirect approach in dealing with them. Sun Tzu advocated for use of spy. But Kautilya goes further on use of spies not only externally but also internally. He suggests employing spy behind his own ministers even. He also cynically proposes using ‘fake holy men’ for this purpose. He encouraged fifth column activities inside the enemy territory. Propaganda in Kautilya’s time was practiced not as telling lies, but selecting the truth mixed with some ideas and options.

8.The main difference between Sun Tzu and Kautilya is that Sun Tzu had kept his Art of War very brief, only with the concentrated wisdom of strategy and was more positive in nature. On the other hand, Kautilya had filled much of his thick book with dirty tricks of statecraft (which are paying their negative dividends even today in South Asia).

9.Kautilya is more of an empire builder and his strategic concept of mandala advocates conflictual relationship with the neighbouring states. His concept stands as barrier against the idea of integration, both at regional and global level. But unfortunately in the present day, knowingly or unknowingly, Kautilya dominates in regional and international relations. You talk or preach about human rights but ignore it for yourself; you want others to follow the Law of Armed Conflict but don’t follow for yourself; spread democracy everywhere, again that too breaking all democratic norms. So nothing surprising that Kautilya prevails today in our subconscious mind and deeds. The sooner Kautilya is abolished the better for the world.

10.On the other hand, Sun Tzu preaches us to be moderate, to use brainpower instead of physical power and to defeat the enemy without going into the battlefield. He also viewed war as the unfortunate last resort in human interaction. Today Sun Tzu’s theories are studied by politicians, business corporate, sportsmen, and even at private life. His wisdom, are very much valid today and will inspire us even tomorrow.

11.Kautilyan state or Sun Tzu’s state- which is safer may be left for the wisdom to decide. But undoubtedly, as Asian the way we are proud of Sun Tzu, equally we are worried of Kautilya as South Asian.

Posted by Isha Khan,  bdmailer@gmail.com



What You should know about RAW
July 27, 2008, 5:45 pm
Filed under: India

What You should know about RAW

by Satish Chandra

I have written (for example in my article titled `India’s Technological and Economic Emancipation’ on sulekha.com) about the continued control of Indian intelligence agencies by British and later American intelligence agencies after 1947. India’s Research and Analysis Wing (RAW) was split off from the Intelligence Bureau which had continued after 1947 to be loyal to the British. Later the Americans supplanted the British and RAW functions as a branch of the CIA against India. As part of this relationship, CIA-RAW exercises extensive control over the Indian media and, among its various activities, engages in sabotage of indigenous research and development to keep India dependent on other countries for defence and other equipment (the nuclear deal is just another CIA-RAW operation of that kind, though of a scope and with consequences far graver than any such operation till now).

An example of this is a Bharat-Rakshak discussion thread about a black box installed by the Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) in the indigenously developed Arjun tank that documented the sabotage of its engines during trials by the Army; such sabotage has been the basis of the Army’s rejection, on RAW’s prompting, of the Arjun tank in favour of imports (as I said in the above article, India`s Army is the collaborator Army that helped the British rule India and, even after Independence, all its regiments and units have retained their former identities and regularly celebrate the anniversaries of their founding by the British).
A CIA-RAW operative, who serves as a moderator on Bharat-Rakshak and controls the forum, recently locked away this discussion thread so that numerous posts that had appeared documenting the sabotage of the Arjun tank were covered up. The major metropolitan newspapers, on most of which CIA-RAW exercises extensive control, have made no mention of the black box — which was like the flight data recorder in aircraft — installed by DRDO in Arjun tanks and the shocking findings about the sabotage even though a report on this was provided to them by the Indo-Asian News Service (IANS). There is across the board sabotage by various means by CIA-RAW to keep India down technologically, economically and militarily. RAW’s grip over India is comparable to the old KGB’s grip over the Soviet Union, with the difference that whereas the KGB worked for the good of the Soviet Union, except toward the end, RAW has always worked for its imperialist paymasters. The role of politicians in governing India is insignificant compared to that of CIA-RAW but RAW has no place in the public’s consciousness or in discussions of public affairs in India.
An important point about the sabotage of Arjun is that people on the Arjun discussion thread on Bharat-Rakshak were aghast at the Army’s behavior and calling for Army brass being tried for treason, etc. but it will be a mistake to stop with the Army; it is RAW which is behind such sabotage not just of Arjun but of India’s interests, technological, economic and other, in a lot of areas. RAW has operatives in the Army at various levels but it is necessary to go to the root of the problem. RAW has to be destroyed and I have said that a brand new external intelligence agency should be formed with the help of military intelligence (RAW is supposed to be India’s external intelligence agency but at least 90% of its activities are within India, against India).
The destruction of RAW does not mean simply disbanding the agency and letting its employees continue their service to the CIA through other organisations, old or new, or in other roles. It is a mammoth agency with just the number of joint secretaries in the hundreds. It is India’s real `government’ and the politicians and civil servants largely obey its dictates. It puts the words in the mouths of cabinet ministers, etc., and determines most policies that are, erroneously, attributed to them. Any one, even a prime minister, whom CIA-RAW considers inconvenient is eliminated, if necessary by death, as I have said regarding the deaths of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and, later, Rajiv Gandhi in my article titled `How India`s economy can grow 30% per year`.

 
Over the past many years, I have shown how almost all terrorist incidents in India since 1983 have been carried out by outfits controlled by the CIA either directly or through intelligence agencies in the region, including India’s RAW. The Jain Commision of Inquiry, which went into Rajiv Gandhi’s death, acknowledged that the LTTE, which carried out his assassination, was created and controlled by RAW. It was an open secret that MQM, in Pakistan’s Sindh province, when it was known as a terrorist organization, was a creation of RAW. But the same is true of many terrorist outfits that operate in India. Another example of RAW’s multifarious activities, that I have described in press releases, articles and letters to the press since 1987, is its spreading heroin addiction and AIDS first in India’s Northeast then elsewhere to provide the United States with a population to use as guinea pigs for AIDS vaccine development, after the CIA was assigned the task of roping in a population for this purpose.

I have described how both Rajiv Gandhi (after being blackmailed with threats of exposure of the Bofors and HDW kickbacks by Swedish and German media at the CIA`s instigation) and Vajpayee cooperated in this. But terrorism, etc., are the least of its activities; I mentioned those only because the existence of terrorism is publicly known. Its sabotage of India’s research and development activities, of which the sabotage of the Arjun tank is just one example, is among the deadliest of its activities. The nuclear deal and its various aspects — replacing indigenous production of uranium and reactors with imports, the capping, rollback and elimination of India’s nuclear weapons program, media control and buying up politicians, scientists, etc. for this purpose — is just the largest and deadliest of such activities, leaving out the 24-hour satellite surveillance and all the crimes, at the cost of hundreds of millions of dollars per year for the past 31 years, against India’s greatest scientist, described in my article titled `How India`s economy can grow 30% per year` on sulekha.com. The point is that all the tens of thousands of RAW employees are guilty of the gravest treason and deserve the death penalty. So do all those — politicians, civil servants and others — who are willing collaborators of CIA-RAW.
It is not just the Intelligence Bureau that continued to be loyal to the British after 1947. So did Nehru:”Starting about 10 hours before he tendered his resignation, Vajpayee, through the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, tried hard to induce the undersigned to issue a statement urging him to not resign (as I have said over the years, he, like Indira and Rajiv, has been a life-long paid agent of British and American intelligence agencies, with the Soviets providing some antidote which gave India a semblance of independence; Indira was made prime minister by the KGB’s assassination of Shastri; and as Nehru admitted to U.S. ambassador Galbraith, he was a life-long agent of the British). No more than about 80,000 British, women and children included, ruled India for centuries. Nothing that can be said about the stupidity and slavishness of Indians will be an exaggeration.” ( see my article `What can save India?’ on sulekha.com). In India traitors have been the rule rather than the exception. Anyone concerned with India’s defence has to take account of that.

http://nuclearsupremacyforindiaoverus.blogspot.com/

http://nuclearsupremacyforindiaoverus.blogspot.com/2008/04/nuclear-supremacy-for-india-over-us.html

 Posted by Isha Khan,  bdmailer@gmail.com



Dalit in India : Facts and Figures
July 27, 2008, 5:42 pm
Filed under: India

Dalit in India Facts and Figures

 

Every 18 minutes:

A crime is committed against a Dalit

Every day:

  • 3 Dalit women are raped
  • 2 Dalits are murdered & 2 Dalits Houses are burnt in India
  • 11 Dalits are beaten

Every week:

  • 13 Dalits are murdered
  • 5 Dalits home or possessions are burnt
  • 6 Dalits are kidnapped or abducted

Social and Economic condition of Dalits:

  • 37 percent of Dalits living below poverty in India
  • More than half (54%) of their children are undernourished in India
  • 83 per 1000 live birth children born in Dalit community are probability of dying before the first birthday
  • 45 percent of Dalits do not know read and write in India
  • Dalits women burden double discrimination (gender and caste) in India
  • Only 27 percent of Dalits women give institutional deliveries in India
  • About one third of Dalit households do not have basic facilities
  • Public health workers refused to visit Dalit homes in 33% of villages
  • Dalits were prevented from entering police station in 27.6% of villages
  • Dalit children had to sit separately while eating in 37.8% of Govt. schools
  • Dalits didn’t get mail delivered to their homes in 23.5% of villages
  • Dalits were denied access to water sources in 48.4% of villages because of segregation & untouchabilty practices
  • Half of India’s Dalit children are undernourished, 21% are severely underweight & 12% DIE before their 5th birthday
  • Literacy rates for Dalit women are as low as 37.8% In Rural India

Status of Prevention of Atrocities Act:

  • The conviction rate under SC/ST Prevention of Atrocities Act is 15.71% and pendency is as high as 85.37%. This when the Act has strict provisions aimed as a deterrent. By contrast, conviction rate under IPC is over 40%

On actual crime committed against Dalits

“Even the reports prepared by the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment and placed before Parliament contain merely factual information received from States about registration and disposal of cases; various administrative arrangements made for the function of the Act and funds spent, without any meaningful analysis of the performance of the States which could form the basis for making corrective interventions.” “Under-reporting of Atrocities Act cases is a very common phenomenon and therefore the decline in the number of registered cases does not provide a true picture of the incidence of atrocities.”

“A large number of cases which deserve to be registered under Protection of Civil Rights Act or the SCs & STs (Prevention of Atrocities) Act are not actually registered under these Acts, either due to ignorance of law or under pressure from the interested parties. Investigations in even those limited number of cases is often earned out in a slipshod manner and with considerable delay.”

Source: National Human Rights Commission Report on the Prevention and Atrocities against Scheduled Castes

fhttp://www.nhrc.nic.in/Publications/reportKBSaxena.pd

Posted by Isha Khan,  bdmailer@gmail.com



Bangladesh’s Survival Strategy: Understanding Nehru’s India Doctrine
July 23, 2008, 8:44 pm
Filed under: Bangladesh, SubContinent
Bangladesh’s Survival Strategy: Understanding Nehru’s India Doctrine

By Abid Bahar, Canada

 

It says knowledge is power. India’s RAW means Research and Analysis Wing. It is true, from research on its neighbors India directly develops its foreign policy. It seems true that India knows about Bangladesh and its other neighbors more than the respective county’s leaders. Ever since its independence, Bangladesh has been looted, damed, built walls of hatred, and internally helped by the RAW agents to create anarchy in Bangladesh. R.N. Kao, the first RAW chief, once said: ‘‘A foreign intelligence agency is the eyes and ears of the government. Its activities are the direct resultant of the policies of the government, without which any government would be left in a state of limbo.’’ Ziaur Rahman of Bangladesh once known to have remarked that ‘‘this man (referring to Kao) knows more about my country than I do.’’ RAW founded by Nehru’s daughter Indra Gandhi is “constitutionally a “wing” of the Cabinet Secretariat, …suffers from no agency-like accountability to India’s parliament, and its activities lie outside the ambit of the country’s recently acquired Right to Information Act.”

Where does Bangladesh stands in its knowledge about India, Indian people, its provinces, its religion and culture and the deep -rooted Indian problems and even about RAW and the RAW activities in Bangladesh? It seems that Bangladesh considers India as a country that helped in its liberation war and it should maintain its good neighborly relations with India. True though, a “good neighbor is a great blessing.” However, in dealing with the Nehru Doctrine, Bangladesh’s position appears naive and very poor. Some experts estimate that even the present CG government backed by the pro-Indian General Moyeen U was brought to power through the staged anarchy of January 2007 was by foreign elements, one being India. One political analyst estimates: “Pro-India elements provided the support base (for the CG).” It estimates a large part of “our media are controlled by India. Proshika is controlled by India. India has made inroads into our cultural and political system.” It has been noted that in Bangladesh, RAW is very much active through the pro-Indian groups.

Bangladeshis as a peace-loving people wonder why India had been hypocritical in actions even with the friendly Mujib government of Bangladesh. Why the Mujib-Indra Treaty was designed to make Bangladesh dependent? Why instead of helping Bangladesh there was the Farakka problems and the artificial dependence on India and Mujib’s administrative failures that eventually led to his death? What is behind India’s motive in dealing with its neighbors? The answer is it is Nehru’s India Doctrine. Nehru’s India Doctrine came from Nehru’s belief in the undivided India (Akhonda Bharata), Gandhi mildly called it the “Rama Raja.”

Nehru’s India Doctrine says:

“India will inevitably exercise an important influence. India will also develop as the centre of economic and political activity in the Indian Ocean area. The small national state is doomed. It may survive as a culturally autonomous area but not as an independent political unit.” Now it makes sense of why and how Hydrabad, Kashmir, Goa, and Sikkim were made part of India. Why there has been deep Indian RAW involvement in Sri Lanka, Maldives, Nepal and in Bangladesh.?

India lately is showing its assertiveness. It formed its alliance with the US. Wonder why all these India-US underground activities particularly in Bangladesh? It is clear that “some of the objectives in this whole exercise are the occupations of the gas fields, coal fields, control of offshore gas exploration (and possibly oil?), constructing three-country gas pipe line, obtaining transit, road-rail-river multiple connectivity, Chittagong port facility, construction of deep sea port at Chattagong area (for North East India, with WB loan, so that while we would do the loan servicing, India would get the port facility and transit), etc. … India also wants to control our economy, army, administration, government, as well as the territory. Then they want to reduce it to a vassal state before annexing it as a subordinate state,” the Nehru Doctrine in practice.

“Through sustained propaganda over many years, the axis of evil has internationally depicted Bangladesh as a hub of Islamic terrorism, so that they can militarily intervene through multi-national force as in Afghanistan. As a vicious propaganda, India always has alleged that there are a large number of ULFA camps in Bangladesh, and they proposed to Moyeen U, during his visit to India, for India-Bangladesh joint military operation to flush the ULFA out, like in Bhutan in 2003, since when Bhutan has been subjugated with Indian army stationed there permanently. They also have another plan of intervention, which is by developing civil war between the army and the people and by declaring it a failed state and then by bringing in the blue helmets, UN army. In the mean time, the US marines have been studying the terrain, road communications etc. of Bangladesh for the last six months in the pretext of disaster prevention, as has been reported in the press.” Is Bangladesh heading for a military dictatorship with General Moyeen U’s CG not allowing election, and it’s devoted minus two policy? The quiet storm that raged on the transit issue, people even threatened armed struggle if transit” given shows that there are still independent-minded Bangladeshis who will stand up to fight any further development of Nehru’s Indian Doctrine in Bangladesh.

In India’s growing power in the region, Bangladeshis firm determination to fight against the external enemies doesn’t seem to be enough to deal with India. In this clash between Bangladesh Doctrine of peaceful-living with Nehru’s Indian Doctrine of aggression, Bangladesh to survive as a nation, in every Bangladesh University it must have to have South Asian Research Institute where compulsory studies on Indian culture, religion and politics be taught. Bangladeshi spy agency has to be upgraded and remain on guard to find RAW members working in Bangladesh. Once found out should be made public.

In order to hide its bloody hands, RAW plays with that Bangladeshis people as being the Bengalis and to divide the nation, it promotes the so-called progressive politics through the Indian Bengali elements and the Bangladeshi political parties the theme of the 1971 war and the issue of Jamat/ Razakar as the enemy to fight.

Bangladeshis should clearly articulate who they are, Bengali or Bangladeshi. Quite surely, India made it clear when it put a Berlin wall dividing Bengal and there was no complain from the Indian Bengalis. Bangladeshis are only lately finding out that now they are on their own as the Bangladeshis. In this situation of isolation, in order to be able to deal with India effectively there should be organizations of smaller countries perhaps an eventual deep cooperation among themselves to fight against Nehru’s evil Indian Doctrine. It is also necessary to have the direct involvement of China. Perhaps China should be given lease of a small island in the Bay of Bengal.

In the chaotic situation created in January 2007 and the installation of the CG, and the civilian leaders arrested enmass on corruption charges, it seems that Bangladeshi people in their slumber almost lost Bangladesh. It seems that the decisions are made largely in the US embassy. Now that the Bushites policy is in sharp contrast with the progressive policies of the former US administrations, it is imperative that Bangladeshis should be able to distinguish between a friend from an enemy; the later perhaps is promoting the Indian Doctrine at the guise of a friend of Bangladesh.

Fortunately, “what they have not conquered is the masses of the people. And this is where all their conspiracies to subjugate us will be thwarted. So, we have a solid ground to stand on. And we will win!”

The CG’s refusal to release political leaders, refusal to withdraw the emergency rule, to set an election date, and the increase in the activities of high profile US and UK diplomats in Dhaka with Indian coordination, there seems to be the chosen man waiting in the cue: the opportunist General Moyeen U to form the next military government. Development in that direction led Hasina to leave the country to safety, Khalida with her two sons paralyzed, now refuse to leave Bangladesh.

Following the Nehru Doctrine’s forward march, is the future of Bangladesh as a small national state doomed?” For the evil Doctrine preaches that “it may survive as a culturally autonomous area but not as an independent political unit.” That is the self-fulfilling Prophesy of the Indian Doctrine. For Bangladesh however, it is better late to take serious measures then never. Measures should be taken from the understanding of Nehru doctrine of the Brahmo Raj and how to neutralize the impact of it that in future from anarchy could stop to take the lives of many Bangladeshis similar to the Iraqis; the latter didn’t know the storm in their sky that would struck everybody on the ground. There must be a way to deal with the evil forces hanging in the sky of Bangladesh and it must be averted and it got to be done through research because we know that knowledge is power.

For now Bangladeshis need 4 points:

(1)Fight against the CG government’s illegal emergency rule

(2) Demand the resignation of Moyeen U as the head of the army

(3)Demand immediate conducting of national election.

(4) Release the political prisoners stopped on fake charges

Abid Bahar, Canada
E Mail : abidbahar@yahoo.com

http://newsfrombangladesh.net/view.php?hidRecord=211601

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Frailty , Thy Name is Woman
July 23, 2008, 8:41 pm
Filed under: Nepal
Frailty , Thy Name is Woman

 
BY: Prem Raj

This is not a mythical story but a legendary tale in which a death fairy dancing through the corridors of Nepal’s palace slumbers the top slot to sleep for ever.

Devyani Rana, a charismatic personality, a gorgeous figure, a spell bound beauty in a style of convincing others, who was not only trained to become the beloved queen of the Nepal’s crown prince Dipendra but also to hypnotize by mounting on his nerves and then driving in the direction she liked him to move.

This was an uphill task but she was given lot of money to exhibit her beauty and trained in manners to impress the Royal family of Nepal.

A glorified history of Nepal is spread over the period of 9 thousand years in which the kingdom stood as the symbol of unity, respect and grandeur. But this was never accepted by India having expansive designs in the Region and thus becoming a military might with a radical political philosophy, whether it was Kashmir, Bengal, Bhutan, Tibet, Sri Lanka and Nepal, India always had a ubiquitous policy of having hegemony over the South Asian countries. So Nepal a beautiful bird was caged as having shut the only exit to separate it geographically, to kneel her down and was left to the mercy of India, for every petty need.

Most of the party leaders of Nepal were taught in various Indian schools and colleges so to remain spoon fed by the RAW and even within the ruling Rana hierarchy some of them were segmented to voice against the monarchy. To detonate the Kingdom, the training rendered by the RAW and the services volunteered by the nightingale Devyani Rana who is related to India’s aristocratic Scindia family and also belonged to the Rana clan which ruled Nepal until 1951, were acquired. The family of Devyani Rana had been at loggerheads with the kingdom’s monarchy and thus being poles apart the proposal of marrying Dipendra was never acceptable to both the families.

But for the RAW this became a soft entry to the palace to ignite her nefarious activities thus climbing on to the shoulders of two RANAS to erase the palace. The RAW has always been at the look out of the figure like Devyani Rana who has deep rooted history in Nepal and branches bearing fruits in India. She was just raw when came before the RAW but within six months she turned out to be a well trained agent and now changed in to Rani from Rana.

An explosive beauty of Devyani Rana now could attract a person of any age and then destroy him but the target assigned to her was to bug the palace. Now she headed for the crown prince to lower him in to the jar of her charismatic and enchanting beauty.

Dipendra was unable to witness a glimpse of the queen beloved thus submitted before her. Dipendra became a puppet in the skilled hands of Devyani Rana and could not comprehend the plot set for him or for his family he did whatever he was told to do by his beloved. Dipendra was made to drink and drink until he became addict but in the process he was brain washed as well. Drink offered to him was not by anyone but by Devyani Rana, the daughter of Pashputi Shamsher Rana who has been one of Nepal’s most influential politicians, now heading a faction of the Rashtriya Prajatantrik Party.

It was June Ist, 2001, when Devyani Rana was given a green signal by her mistress the RAW to accomplish the mission and the time fixed was the annual dinner in which all the Royal family members are gathered to attend the feast. Devyani Rana sitting beside Dipendra, the crown prince and continuously offering him a wine to drink whereas other family members await for the missing crown on the dining table. The whole palace is lit except the ghostly dimmed lights in the room where Dipendra is drinking by the hands of his beloved Devyani Rana who is reciting the verses of John Keats,…………

My heart aches, and a drowsy numbness pains

My sense, as though of hemlock I had drunk,

Or emptied some dull opiate to the drains

One minute past, and Lethe-wards had sunk

So this goes on and gets disturbed when the bell rings in the chamber of the prince. She attends to the call, “you move him now and if need be there exists three armed men, in the gallery close to your room as they always used to be there, from my squad”, at the other end the instructions were passed by a well acquainted person. She now holds a gun and tries to hand it over to Dipendra, while saying if they refuse, you better kill them as promised by you, because we have to bind ourselves in to a marital knot at any cost. But Dipendra lying motionless in a couch did not respond due to over dose. She rushed to the gallery and instructed the guards appointed by the RAW thus leading them in to the hall where the banquet was being served. The guards sprawled the bullets all around and there fell eight members of the Royal family dead.

Now she entered the room where her paramour was present but almost unconscious, the guard tried to straighten the gun and she cautioned him to stop as she herself was eager to say sayonara and present him the last salute. Thus she sprayed the bullets which pierced through the body of Dipendra and then the nightingale flew on the wings of the RAW. But she forgot to leave behind the weapon to satisfy the suicidal episode included in the plot, prepared by the RAW, which has made the drama ambiguous and esoteric..

Now came the news that 34 years old lady, once upon a time the beloved of the crown prince and then a heroine of the massacre killing of the royal family of Nepal is getting married to Indian Human Resource Development (HRD) Minister Arjun Singh’s grand son Aishwariya Friday, in a ceremony which has to be attended by Mr. Manmohan Singh, the Prime Minister of India, because of her remarkable services rendered while risking her life and sacrificing her youth for the country, she deserves much more than that. She has to be honoured by the leading personalities of India while becoming a legend and a living character of Agatha Christie’s novel and depicting the most tragic event of Hamlet’s drama when the nightingale sings a death song and the painful notes strike the domes of the palace in the silence of midnight when the royals are laid to rest in peace and the blood of Dipendra writing on the floor,………………………………

NOTE: This article was written by the author ten days before the marriage of Devyani Rana with Aishwariya

PREM RAJ
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Raw’s Machination In South Asia
July 22, 2008, 11:12 am
Filed under: SubContinent

Raw’s Machination In South Asia

By Shastra Dutta Pant from Nepal 

Research and Analysis Wing (RAW) is an agency that is always on the lookout for a role for such interference. It analyzes the situation and works out plans accordingly.

His Majesty King Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev had‚ on the occasion of the 53rd Democracy Day on Feb 19‚ 2003‚ said: “Peace is our need‚ multiparty democracy is our commitment‚ patriotism is our base and the resolve to make the Nepalis happy is the dharma (or essence) of our politics.”

People will directly experience the fruits only if our development projects gain speed in an unobstructed way. Such fruits can be experienced only if all political parties‚ the civil society and government forge an understanding and maintain coexistence. The habit of making suspicions and mutual recriminations will be removed only if we practise good moral conduct and honesty. Spiritual thinking and moral education will enhance honesty and dedication to the nation. Only in such condition will democracy flourish

The main purpose behind writing this book is to enhance the feeling of patriotism‚ make the Nepalese people happy and remove hurdles standing in the way. Nepal wants to have good‚ friendly relations with India. We don’t have any ill-intention to hurt India or to show unfriendly behavior. It is the democratic as well as natural right of a nation to express its problems and sufferings. At this point of time‚ the Indo-Nepal relation is deep‚ bitter as well as suspicious. Nepal’s formal relations are with the government of India but reality stands far removed.

Prithvi Narayan Shah, the Great, not only unified Nepal into a nation‚ but also worked out plans for its sustainable development and security. The successors of the great king bound with the Vedic rules to conduct the government in consonance with the people’s aspirations relentlessly safeguarded the nation. As a result‚ Nepal saved itself from being colonized and remained independent.

Even today‚ it has been proved that none except the monarchy can protect democracy and human rights‚ and keep the country independent and sovereign. The monarchy has never abused power. The power lying with monarchy is just like the paddy kept in a granary‚ which is‚ when needed‚ taken and filled when empty.

Notwithstanding other things‚ we must acknowledge that the Rana oligarchy that lasted for 104 years efficiently saved the nation‚ nationality‚ national self-dignity and national identity.

During the 30-year old Panchayati democratic dispensation‚ not only was our nationality consolidated‚ Nepal also carved a distinct identity of its own in the world. As a result‚ pillars of physical infrastructures were erected. It is because of the state’s concern in basic goods that the people could buy things at cheaper prices. This was a time when the people could have good‚ sound sleeps even in the courtyard or open space without any fear. But today the country’s situation is deteriorating unimaginatively it is degenerating day by day.

The people who had extended their share of contribution to bring about changes in the country 13 years ago are now repenting. Full employment‚ high quality of life‚ physical facility‚ adequacy of goods and services‚ poverty alleviation and balanced development all turned into dreams. Today the people have their only one wish- independence‚ sovereignty‚ integrity‚ democracy and development. The barbarism of the last one and half decade has pushed the country a centuary back. Our living standard has alarmingly deteriorated.

The hope with which the people had contributed their share to bring about political change in the country was dashed when the governments formed thereafter could not live up to it.

The situation became more and more complicated. The government failed in providing good governance‚ peace and security. Politics was employed as a means of amassing wealth rather than as a means for people’s service. Works are being carried out against the laws‚ rules and the Constitution. Unethical trend is all pervasive. Dissensions within the parties are growing and factions and sub-factions have been formed.

Individualism has become dominant to the extent of affecting political purity and democratic development. People have panicked. Signals are being received from all quarters that the nation and nationality are at stake.

Corruption‚ commission-mongering‚ high prices‚ black-marketeering and crimes have raised their heads on a large scale. Every sector including administration has been politicized or politically divided. Such trend has discouraged qualification and ability to compete. Because of such discouragement‚ the policies of privatization‚ globalization‚ democracy‚ liberalism‚ democratic-socialism turned out be counter-productive. Decisions have become prejudiced‚ politically-motivated and discriminatory. Consequent to this‚ development‚ expansion and improvement of multilateral infrastructures required for revolutionizing the national economic development is not taking place.

The country’s economy is continuously on the downward trend. Productive and service-oriented sectors are passing through a very confusing state. The number of the people reeling below poverty line has increased. Nepal has become one of the most deprived nations of the world. The sectors already attaining self-reliance have now fallen off and the burden of loans has grown bigger unnaturally. The irregularities have made an upward swing‚ hobnobbing with the annual national budget. Industrial enterprises are getting closed down‚ have gone into the hands of foreigners.

Trade deficit is snowballing. No long-term policies have been devised‚ as should be desirably done by a welfare state‚ to uplift women‚ Dalits and oppressed communities and to ensure balanced development of remote areas. With the implementation of foreign policies against the principles of non-alignment‚ neutrality and Panchasheel‚ the problems relating to border‚ Bhutanese refugees‚ water politics‚ and trade and industry have taken a nasty turn.

Known as a model of unity in diversity in the world‚ the country is gradually slipping into the trap of communalism. National defence system has started shaking with the rise of internal dissensions and external interference. Briefly speaking‚ all sensitive issues that have a close bearing on the ordinary people including nationality have not been given a damn.

And what lies at the bottom of this all is the weak politics steeped in vested interests and external interference. There are basically two reasons why Nepal has not been able to make headway- India and western consultants. The first one has been detailed in this book. India is seeking its role even in the internal matters of Nepal. The ordinary people have not taken this palatably.

Rather the organized parties‚ intellectuals following in their footsteps and mediapersons have not been able to stand up to it‚ being sensitive to the nation. If all these parties‚ the civil society and the media become united‚ the outside interference can do us nothing at all. My duty‚ my dharma‚ is to take this message to everyone‚ change their mind and contribute to upgrading the people’s quality of life by making use of our indigenous means and resources independently.

Research and Analysis Wing (RAW) is an agency that is always on the lookout for a role for such interference. It analyzes the situation and works out plans accordingly. We will further go down if we walk at the signal of the others.

We can get the country to the height of progress and prosperity provided that we forge unity among ourselves and move ahead by devising policies about politics‚ economics and development.

Finally‚ I would like to extend my sincere thanks to all friends and those who have helped me for their invaluable suggestions and encouragement.

===================================================================
Contents

Chapter-1 Introduction to Intelligence
Chapter-2 State Polity and Inteligence
Chapter-3 Organizational Structure of RAW
Chapter-4 RAW’s Treatment Towards its Neighbors
1. Movement of RAW in Sri Lankan Civil War
2. Movement of RAW in Bhutan
3. RAW and Defence System of the Maldieves
4. RAW and Pakistan
5. RAW in the Freedom Struggle of Bangladesh
6. Role of RAW in Sikkim Operation
7. RAW and Nepal

Chapter-5 Nepal-India Relations
Nepal-India Panchangi Relations

– Relatins Between the Governments of Nepal and India
– Relations Between the Parties of Nepal and India
– People-to-People Relations Between Nepal and India
– Relations Between the Bureaucracies of Nepal and India
– Nepal’s Relations with India’s RAW

Chapter-6 Attitude and Intention of RAW Towards Nepal
Chapter-7 RAW‚ Nepal Game Plan and Citizenship Bill
Chapter-8 Movement of RAW in Sikkim: Lessons for Nepal
Chapter-9 Tyrannized Areas of Nepal
Area-One Intentions
Area-Two Border Encroachment
Area-Three Water Politics
Area-Four Tyranny in Defence System
Area-Five Micro Action Macro Design
Chapter-10 Intelligence System in Nepal
Chapter-11 Suggestions to Resolve Problems
a. Things Both Nepal and India Should Follow
b. Things to be Followed by India
c. Things to be Followed by Nepal
d. Things the World and UN Should Do

===================================================================
Conclusion
Reference Materials

Chapter One
Introduction to Intelligence
*****************************************************************
Background

Every society regardless of time and space has destructive elements with evil character. There is no dearth of persons seething with anger‚ hatred‚ jealousy‚ envy‚ temptation‚ revenge and ambition. Even the persons calling themselves influential and scholars or intellectuals suffer from a bizarre tendency of seeking to enhance their self-image by subjugating all others. Just like this‚ every nation nurtures the whims of subjugating other nations and wrapping them around its little finger by commanding their loyalty.

So the state also can be likened to individuals in terms of the negative qualities in question. Evil thinking‚ evil behaviour and evil trends are existent in the state since it is nobody but individuals who run the state.

To get better of the distorted mindset‚ many saints and sages have spent their years in penance and carried out investigation into it. They arrived at a conclusion that there was no alternative to the light of knowledge to remove such ill-trend. They interpreted the existence of God in a refined form. Though God or the Supreme Being is one at whose beck and call the world throbs‚ for reasons of the people being settled in different areas‚ many religions came into being.

Man is so irrational that he is indulged in violence and earns enmity over the same religion. For example, Gautam Buddha who contributed to building a peaceful society by putting an end to wars‚ violence and weapons gave a new turn to the existing religion. But the followers’ of the same man, out of foolishness, have resorted to wars‚ violence and killings‚ ironically in the protection of the same religion.

Sages and saints described material goods and sex as the two major factors contributing to the growth of unsocial elements and pursued various ways to get freed of them. They taught and explained to the world about heaven and hell. They dwelt on rebirth, and virtues and vices. They also taught that all material objects are perishable and the only stable thing is Supreme Being (Sarva khalu idam brahma). They further elaborated that the Supreme Being is so widespread (Neti neti para brahma) that its knowing is beyond comprehension. This is why an extensive publicity has been made for thousands of years to link oneself with the Supreme Being and not to run after the material wealth and sexual desire.

Furthermore‚ our thinkers of yore created Vedas‚ Sub-Vedas‚ Codes‚ Upanishads‚ Vedang (Branches of Vedas)‚ histories‚ Purans (character building holy scriptures) and philosophies. They worked out different plans to put into practice the principles enshrined in these holy scriptures. Purans and histories were used to teach the people moral values as the moving schools.

In every settlement‚ they constructed temples and preached the people about what is God. The people were advised to stand in awe of God and not to commit any immoral or unethical acts. They caused to install the Panchayan God in every household and developed the practice of pondering over God and death at mornings and evenings. They commenced different types of feast and festivals and gave rise to the practice of going to far-flung areas on pilgrimages.

Such pilgrimages are found in every religion- Hindu (four dhams)‚ Buddha (Lumbini)‚ Muslims (Mecca)‚ Christians (Vatican City). They also developed the practice of performing such rites as bratabandha‚ marriage‚ birth‚ death‚ sporting sikha‚ sacrificial fires‚ coronations( taking oaths ceremony) and conducting investiture ceremony.

Moral education like Panchatantra was begun to be taught at schools. Despite all these things‚ ill-thoughts deeply rooted in human mind could not be removed it could only be minimized. It is essential to keep society safe from such distortions and anomalies. And it is the state’s responsibility to keep the people safe from these things‚ for which it needs prior information. This very approach of collecting information is known as intelligence. Without effective intelligence‚ the state in the modern age becomes emasculated and useless.

Checks on Distortions

Today’s society is fraught with distortions and anomalies in various forms. Narcotics trade is booming with an adverse effect on human mind. Piles and piles of chemicals likely to cause an adverse impact on the environment and obliterate the entire human beings‚ arms and ammunition‚ nuclear weapons‚ bio-chemical weapons and hydrogen and atom bombs have been produced. Theft‚ smuggling‚ loots‚ dishonesty and black-marketeering are on the rise. Acts of arson‚ vandalism and violence can be noticed everywhere. Terrorism is all-pervasive. Corruption in the form of taking bribes has caused a stir.

Needless to say‚ persons holding high offices should be honest with high level of integrity. Such persons should muster courage to take actions against the employees under him or any other persons in case they are found taking or giving bribes or abusing their authority. Clean image of such persons will instil a sense of fear into persons lower them. This will‚ in turn‚ ensure protection of the helpless in society. Corruption and abuse of authority will not be allowed to rule the roost.

But today Nepal is placed in an awkward situation. The country’s prime minister and his family members themselves have taken bribes. The ministers holding important portfolios have taken bribes. MPs or people’s representatives too are not an exception. Those on the opposition have taken bribes either through collusion or through bargaining.

The policemen who are entrusted with the responsibility of containing corruption themselves collect money on weekly basis and hand over it to their seniors. Even the police chief has amassed inestimable wealth. The judicial sector is no better than customs or VAT (Value Added Tax) department. There is a glaring example of the high-ranking justices compelling the parliament to frame laws with no power to subject them to face corruption charge. The verdicts made by this body established with the noble objective of ensuring the rule of law in clear violation of laws are now in thousands. The Office of the Auditor General‚ the Public Service Commission and the Election Commission are also cast in the same mould.

Similarly‚ several such incidents have been noticed in the military service also. Immorality and corruption are rampant in the trade and industry sector. Teachers and students are in corruption. There is not even a single sector on which we can rest our faith.

The need to put checks on all these distortions gave rise to the birth of intelligence agency. According to Markendeya Puran‚ the king must possess six attributes and conduct eight deeds. A small simal (a kind of cotton bearing tree) seed may grow into a big tree and a small spark may cause a huge fire. Similarly‚ enemies and unsocial elements may bring about destruction at an opportune moment if they are allowed to raise their heads. To protect oneself from such elements‚ the state should tone up its intelligence system. Just as air gets into the living beings and keeps them alive‚ the king also must be able to understand the real conditions of the people inside and outside the country through espionage (Markendeya Puran).

Rishis and Munis tought us that revenge and use of force will only enlarge such unwanted activities. If the money to be used on wars is replaced for building a moral man by means of education the society might change.

Definition

Intelligence means peering at others for one’s own security. Now this definition has expanded to include the acts designed to weaken others‚ subjugate them and get them wrapped around one’s own finger. On the other hand‚ copying of others’ technology and skills and keeping others in deprivation even after one has become prosperous also falls within the framework of intelligence.

Since this approach helps to formulate strategies upon analysis of the related data‚ several intelligence agencies have been tagged before or after the word with “Research” and “Analysis”. The present world policy of “colonialism” and “neo-colonialism” match with the practice of “world emperor” and “horse sacrificial fire” prevalent during the mythological period of the oriental philosophy.

In oriental political system‚ a number of words have been coined to refer to the acts of a spy. These words include gudavekshan (digging out mysteries)‚ chatur (shrewd)‚ jaasus (spy)‚ sujhabujhi (wise)‚ char (informant)‚ chewa or chewi (one who provides secret information)‚ vartahar (messenger)‚ sulsule (secret agent)‚ etc‚ while the westerners use such words espionage‚ counter espionage‚ intelligence‚ spying‚ under-cover work‚ fifth columnist‚ foreign agent‚ secret agent‚ secret service and mole to describe the act of intelligence.

Any attempt to obtain secret information about an actual and potential enemy which might be used against the same or any other enemy is known as intelligence. Any secret of concealed action performed within are controlled by an actual and potential enemy for the purpose of weakening or destroying his defense (The Encyclopaedia America‚ Vol. 10‚ Page 504-506). Any enemy agent engaged in sabotage of similar activities would be considered as spy (Ibid).

Military Spy

In fact‚ in modern times‚ spies are used mostly in wars and areas associated with it. This means‚ spies are used by the military. When there is a possibility of outbreak of a war‚ war strategies are to be worked out in a highly confidential manner. For example‚ during the Falkland war‚ the British government had to detain informally several times BBC news reporters and correspondents after they leaked out several secret plans or strategies of the army.

The army pursues different processes in the course of collecting secret information which are as follows:

Situation making

Information collection
Evaluation
Analysis
Interpretation
Dissemination

·Time management
·Estimate
·Decisions
·Plan
·Operation

Military intelligence is getting more and more complicated in these days as compared to the past. With the unprecedented development of electronic media‚ hostility has expanded even to the extent of waging a star war. The coming of sub-marines has added a new dimension to the naval war.

Building of warheads and of nuclear and biological weapons has made the espionage not only highly complicated but also dangerous and expensive. For poor countries‚ intelligence work now borders on impossibility. With the growth of industrialization‚ mechanization‚ communication and of weapons to inflict great damage and destruction‚ such things as intelligence and counter intelligence are virtually beyond the capacity of such countries no matter how important and significant they are. The poor countries are treated as slaves but in a revised form.

The developed countries out of neo-colonialist mentality have pursued the policy of keeping the poor countries poor and making them dance to their tune. The poor countries have been so suppressed that they have not been even able to raise their heads.

Besides‚ they have even created weapons-markets by dividing the people on the basis of party‚ caste‚ gender‚ ethnicity‚ settlement‚ profession‚ religion‚ customs and language. Nepal has fallen victim to such diseases. They sabotage the physical infrastructures‚ the social system and the politics which have already taken roots. By imposing blockade‚ they exert economic pressures. The December-7 incident of Pearl Harbour of the United States of America is often taken as an example of failure.

History

Written history is fraught with the movement of spies. Our Vedas and Purans also have a number of incidents with regard to good governance‚ war and intelligence. Conspiracy also falls within the definition of intelligence. It won’t be an overstatement to say that the great epic Mahabharat is a collection of conspiracies. There were ‘secret armies’ in the ancient Egypt. The holy Bible mentions the sending of 12 spies by Moses. The team included women also.

In modern times‚ intelligence (Char) is taken as an important organ of government. It is said that there were 30‚000 spies in the French-Persian war. Napoleon had given it the first priority.

Prior to the outbreak of the World War I‚ the world nations had already strengthened their intelligence service. The United States of America had framed the Intelligence Act way back in 1917. The Federal Bureau of Investigation was established in the USA only after the enactment of the Internal Security Act‚ 1950‚ Emergency Power Continuation Act‚ 1952 and Espionage and Sabotage Act‚ 1954. The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is considered as the best center for providing correct information and statistics there.

After the World War I shook the very foundation of the world‚ espionage took on more and more modern forms.

Agency and Training

Any organization requires necessary manpower for its proper operation. Trained persons equipped with necessary skills can carry out works more effectively and efficiently than those without any formal training. And to become a spy‚ one must have a flair besides special trainings and skills. An individual wanting to work as spies should be adventurous and possess ability to sing and dance and be frolicsome. He should be light-hearted and be able to live a simple life. He must be multi-dimensional‚ alert and stand-by round the clock. Northen Hale of America and Sir Robert Powell fall into this category.

Spies deserve to be highly paid and provided with adequate facilities but those who are fired with patriotic feelings may not need so much money. Those who are not loyal to their own country may do espionage for the enemy and may get paid by the both sides. Highly selfish persons may betray the party he is involved in at any time. There is no dearth of such people in Nepal. Such persons may ditch both sides to get their vested interests fulfilled.

Almost all nations the world over have made necessary arrangements for selecting highly-motivated‚ mature individuals and provide them advanced trainings. Such trainings should not be provided to all and sundry. It is simply because that their slight mistake may spell a great disaster for the nation. The Germans had conducted advanced trainings for the spies. It was not an enjoyable task to spy on Hitler and the Nazis. Rather it was an uphill‚ precarious task fraught with dangers.

It was a profession which could even claim life. In the American Civil War of 1861-65‚ a man who stole a vehicle‚ blew up a bridge and broke into the enemy’s area was hanged as a spy. Any foreign agent who openly collects information cannot be called a spy‚ but if the same thing is done in a secret way‚ this is called espionage. This is both punishable as well as criminal.

In fact‚ both the ambassador and the military attaché of Embassies are “honorable spies.” International laws do not label espionage as crime‚ though every country has its own laws relating to espionage. Nepal has also such laws. Information with regard to science and technology also are as valuable as military information.

Cold War (USA-USSR)

During the cold war period‚ espionage between the United States of America and the erstwhile USSR intensified. When the atmosphere was charged with mutual suspicion and fear‚ the Soviet Union downed the U-2 spy plane of America and captured the spy alive. The similar incident involving an American spy plane has recently taken place in the People’s Republic of China. Even today‚ the rich and developed countries through a whopping investment are intensifying their espionage activities.

Art of Intelligence

A spy must be equipped with the knowledge and skills of code language. He should be well-conversed with the art of shorthand. He should possess such things as secret radio‚ special vehicle‚ diplomatic knowledge‚ fake passport‚ birth and marriage certificates‚ citizenship‚ etc. The art of understanding the information dissemination system of the enemy is indispensable for espionage.

Security and Democracy

Intelligence had a major role in the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1990 also. With the collapse of the Union‚ the world has become unipolar. That America shall have a dominant presence with the liberal economic policy‚ privatization,globalisation and multiparty democracy sweeping round the world‚ as predicted by the intellectuals‚ is proving wrong. Communism has taken a rebirth in the world’s competitive politics. Therefore‚ the rumor that espionage will make its exit does not hold water. The situation in this area is just as same.The importance of the state intellegence services is not reduced, till there is not a borderless state concept, universe as one country.

Chapter Two

State Polity and Intelligence

Man‚ by nature‚ is a wicked animal. Had man truly adhered to dharma‚ ethics‚ there would have been no need of the police‚ the army‚ the judiciary and administration. In other words‚ there would have been no need of the state polity. Not only is man wicked to mankind‚ he has proved to be destructive also. Had there been no existence of man‚ the earth’s eco-system would remain in a balanced form. The beautiful earth would continue to remain beautiful with greenery.

Since the very genesis of the earth‚ many civilizations came and went on the world stage. We have inherited the remnants of the past civilizations and are living in the present age of civilization. Our Vedas and Purans‚ Ramayan and Mahabharat are teeming with examples of both divine and demonic characters.

Though there is difference between these two characters‚ the exits of the two make the same result‚ that is‚ conflict and war. In war‚ every effort is made to wreak havoc against the enemy and safeguard oneself from suffering heavy damages. This kind of rivalry exists in a pluralistic polity but in a subdued form‚ while terrorism is an extremist expression of it.

Those who would like to get involved in conflict and wage war‚ it is urgently necessary to get the hang of the next party’s weaknesses‚ understand their strategies and to create chasms and contradictions between them. One who finds out the conspiracies woven by the opposition side is called “char” or spy. Espionage or spying is an art‚ a very old art. In the oriental political system‚ studies on the art of char have been in practice since a long time. In Panchatantra also‚ attempts have been to impart knowledge about this through animals and birds. Kautilya‚ in his Economics‚ has stated several types of espionage which are as follows:

Kapatik
Udasthit
Grihapatik
Vaideshak
Taapas

1.Kapatik:

This espionage belongs to the first category and is primarily psychoanalytical. Such spies possess the ability to get into the minds of others and understand their feelings. They often change their dresses depending on situation. They pretend to be students or teachers by taking up such professions. These spies may enjoy the privilege of directly informing the central minister or the king. They analyze potential harms and threats to the state or the institution of monarchy and supply secret information. Aghori Baba was this type of spy during the rule of late king Mahendra of Nepal.

2.Udasthit

The spies belonging to this category are Sanyasis and beggars. They wander about every house under the pretext of asking for alms. They are intelligent and well-educated. They stay in ashrams‚ maths or temples outside the village. They especially work among the farmers and try to command their loyalty. Others disguised as sadhus or saints also come to meet them. They provide the holy men with food‚ clothes and money for medical treatment. Then they take back the information to the concerned officers of the central level.

3.Grihapatik

Spies of this category may be farmers or house owners or those who have already set up their houses. As these people have taken up espionage as a profession‚ they spend most of their time in understanding the wrongs and rights in the villages. They participate in assemblies‚ seminars‚ users’ groups‚ pubs or any forum they may come across. They want to give the impression that the state is doing well for the farmers and the people involved in other professions and inform the concerned body of those who oppose state policies.

4.Vaideshak

These spies are involved in trade and industry and in this capacity‚ they carry out their activities in the business community. On the one hand‚ they study adulteration‚ blackmarketeering and hoarding of essential commodities‚ while on the other‚ they take special initiatives to make the businessmen act as wanted by the state. For example‚ they may issue press releases and statements stating that taxation policies and budget statements are good.

5.Taapas

The spies belonging to this category exhibit abnormal or unruly behavior. They shave their heads‚ put on ear-rings and wear long‚ matted hair. They demonstrate such a behavior that is normally not accepted by society. They sometimes go without food‚ sometimes sit for penance and sometimes take unusual foods‚ thereby drawing the attention and winning the hearts of the people.

Thus they try to extract information. They often give good presents and conduct special pooja (worshipping). They call themselves Siddhababa (Enlightened)‚ ascetics or ones who can make predictions by reading hands and faces. They also frequently collect donations or alms by fist for some noble work in cities. They win the hearts of people through predictions about their profits and losses‚ penalty‚ fire and fear of thieves and things that are destined to happen. Thus they try to know the reality and supply the information they receive to the concerned authority or persons.

All these five spies have a status of their own and do not share information among themselves at all. Possibly one spy may always be spying on another. These are separate institutions. Besides‚ Chanakya [Kautilya] also considers the following four types of spies as useful:

Satri
Tikshna
Rasad
Bhikshuk

6.Satri

The spies of this category are proficient in palmistry and hypnotism. They carry out their activities by using the art of hypnotism.

7.Tikshna

Those who have exceptional physical strength‚ special players‚ wrestlers‚ judo fighters‚ karantist‚ mountaineers‚ adventurers and those who do not fear even to fight with violent animals are appointed as spies by providing additional knowledge on espionage. Such spies are often used in places where dangerous works are to be carried even at the risk of life.

8.Rasad

These spies are chosen from among those who are very cruel‚ unsocial‚ lethargic and even may go to the extent of doing anything to their own family or relatives. If need be‚ they may also go to the extent of poisoning their family members or kith and kin to death.

9.Bhikshuk

The spies fitting into this category are especially widows‚ the women who have been left neglected or dancers. They with some pretext go into houses and gather information.

The last four types of spies in question spy on those who run the country by appointing them. Such spies particularly spy for the crown prince‚ ministers‚ royal priests‚ army chief‚ heads and members of constitutional bodies‚ departmental chiefs‚ zonal chiefs‚ district judges‚ border guards and those who have been entrusted with the responsibility of putting brakes on corruption. They are concerned only with high-ranking officials.

They get mingled with the grassroots people to confirm the facts available. They are even sent to the houses of senior officials to work as cooks or servants and hence the name “Rasad.” They even work as baby-sitters‚ massagers‚ house cleaners‚ house maids‚ singers‚ dancers‚ and sometimes as fallen women‚ and find out the Achilles’ heels of those whom they are spying. After 1950 (2007 BS)‚ many foreign people had entered the Nepal Royal Palace as teachers. Several of them have already retired after holding high offices‚ but are yet to give a kick to espionage.

Such spies often take their stipend from the both sides. Families of such spies are taken care of by the same king or ministers who ask them to do so.

10. Special Spy

Good rulers often appoint other spies also to keep a close tab on these spies. Such special spies are recruited to know whether the spies appointed are doing their work properly as instructed in an enemy state‚ whether they are safe or not or whether they have teamed up with the enemy and are making money from both sides or whether they are betraying the nation.

The post of spy becomes instrumental in operating the state machinery properly. The absence of right implementation of the espionage system will spell disaster for all sectors. The country becomes unsafe. Malgovernance will take a precedence. Immorality and characterlessness will rule the roost. Corruption becomes all-pervasive. Injustice becomes rampant.

Spies are always needed to test loyalty to the nation of civil servants‚ the army and the police‚ high-ranking officials and those serving the constitutional bodies. They should be kept satisfied with both money and respect.

Providing pre-information on time about the potential conspiracy against the nation‚ the institution of monarchy and government constitutes the main duty of spies so that the state system can function effectively and properly. The nation must be able to acquire information about the loyalty of civil servants and those with a streak of rebellious nature. In order to maintain the purity of the civil servants‚ other techniques or methods also can be employed. Kautilya has prescribed the four methods for this which are as follows:

Dharmopagha
Arthopagha
Kamopagha
Bhayopagha

Dharmopagha: Relationships should be further improved with the amatya (equivalent to the post of minister in former times) or constitutional official who is to be examined. If he is found guilty of committing blunders or crimes‚ the king or government‚ many say‚ should relieve him of the post he is holding. But there are other views also.

A negative agenda enticing him may be presented. If he denies the accusations vehemently and resorts to scolding‚ he should be considered as just or else wrong. Similarly‚ the army chief‚ ministers‚ constitutional personalities‚ departmental heads also should be subjected to scrutiny. Such examination is often carried out keeping in mind the principles of religion.

Arthopagha: As in Dharmopagha‚ officials are baited with wealth. Their fascination with it will indicate that they are not civil servants and therefore deserve to be given walking papers. If otherwise is the case‚ he should be considered as right person.

Kamopagha: Under this‚ a beautiful woman full of sexual urge is chosen. If the person subjected to examination becomes sexually excited or motivated towards her‚ he is considered unfit.

Bhayopagha: This is the fourth technique employed to know the inclination of man. If some official sticks to his work without being deviated whatsoever despite the warnings that his and his family’s life is in danger in case he could not do the work‚ he should be considered as a good official. But if the opposite happens to be the case‚ he should be regarded as unfit.

Which officials should be transferred and where and who should be demoted or promoted may be done on the basis of the reports of the spies. According to Kautilya‚ those who pass through the test of Dharmopagha should be appointed in judicial service and those who emerge clean through Arthopagha should be appointed under the finance ministry. Similarly‚ those passing through the test of Kamopagha should be installed in posts that have to maintain public relations like social organizations‚ city offices or vihars and those who get through the test of Bhayopagha should be appointed as faithfuls by the king.

Those who can bring correct reports‚ understand right things and make others understand properly should be appointed to the post of amatya or minister. Only such persons should be given priority in elections. Only this will ensure good polity in the country with no injustice‚ corruption‚ oppression‚ characterlessness and favoritism. The nation will move towards progress and prosperity on a greater scale. The people will then become prosperous.

http://www.bangladesh-web.com/view.php?hidDate=2005-05-04&hidType=HIG&hidRecord=43447

 

Posted by Isha Khan,  bdmailer@gmail.com